After 27 years, Microsoft is retiring its Internet Explorer web browser. After declaring over a year ago that it will be withdrawn from most versions of Windows 10 this year, Microsoft will cease support for most versions of its Internet Explorer 11 browser on June 15. The original version of Internet Explorer was introduced in 1995 as part of a Windows 95 add-on package.
However, the following versions of the browser were accessible as a free download or as part of service packs and were included in OEM service releases for Windows 95 and later versions of Windows. In 2016, Microsoft stopped developing new features for the browser in favor of its new browser, Microsoft Edge.
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Internet Explorer will continue to receive security upgrades until at least 2029 because it is a Windows component that is included in long-term lifecycle versions of Windows, such as Windows Server 2019. Internet Explorer was once the most popular web browser, with a usage share of around 95 percent by 2003.
History Of Internet Explorer
From 1995 through 2013, Microsoft created eleven iterations of Internet Explorer for Windows. For Apple Macintosh, UNIX, and mobile devices, respectively, Microsoft has also created Internet Explorer for Mac, Internet Explorer for UNIX, and Internet Explorer Mobile. The latter is compatible with Windows Phone, and Windows Mobile and the previous two have been retired.
Spyglass Mosaic served as the foundation for the first Internet Explorer. NCSA was the source of the original Mosaic, but being a government agency, Spyglass served as NCSA’s commercial licensing partner. Spyglass then sent Microsoft two versions of the Mosaic browser, one of which was conceptually based on the NCSA browser but was otherwise designed from scratch. Spyglass, not NCSA source code, was initially used to create Internet Explorer.
Spyglass (and subsequently NCSA) received a quarterly fee as well as a share of Microsoft’s software sales revenue as part of the license from Microsoft. Then, Internet Explorer, a modified version of the browser, was made available. In August 1995, Microsoft first made available two versions of Internet Explorer 1.0: the retail Microsoft Plus! add-on for Windows 95 and the concurrent OEM release of Windows 95. A few months later, version 1.5 for Windows NT was made available.
This version included support for basic table rendering, a crucial early web standard. In November 1995, version 2.0—which included SSL, cookies, VRML, and Internet newsgroups—was made available for Windows 95 and Windows NT. In April 1996, version 2.0 for Windows 3.1 and the Macintosh were also made available.
Early in 1996, Version 2 was also a part of Microsoft’s Internet Starter Kit for Windows 95, which sold for $19.99 USD and featured, among other things, a how-to book and 30 days of MSN Internet access.
Microsoft Internet Explorer 3.0 introduces a lot of new capabilities that are beneficial for HTML authors and shows our firm commitment to W3C HTML standards.
In August 1996, Internet Explorer 3.0 became available without charge as part of the OEM version of Windows 95. As a result, Microsoft received no direct profits from IE and was only required to pay Spyglass the bare minimum quarterly cost. Microsoft settled for US$8 million after Spyglass threatened it with a contractual audit in 1997.
Helper apps were no longer as necessary as they once were because Microsoft NetMeeting and Windows Media Player were later integrated into the package. Version 3 of Internet Explorer also saw the debut of Cascading Style Sheets (CSS).
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